This section provides a definition of terminology that have been used within the resource kit.


Arranged Employment Opinion — issued by HRSDC to support a foreign national’s application for permanent residence


Canada Border Services Agency


Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program – approved test by CIC


Citizenship and Immigration Canada


Case Processing Centre

Common-law spouse or partner

The relationship must be exclusive, partners must live together for at least 12 months and be interdependent emotionally and financially

Dependent children

Children under 22 years of age, unmarried; children over 22, unmarried, financially dependent on parents and enrolled in full-time post secondary education program


Expedited Labour Market Opinion — available only in British Columbia and Alberta

Foreign Credential Recognition (FCR)

The process of verifying education, training and job experience obtained in another country and comparing it to the standards established for Canadian workers.


General Agreement on Trade in Service


Human Resources and Skills Development Canada


Internationally Educated Engineers Qualifications


International English Language Testing System – approved test by CIC


Medical, criminal, financial, security-related and misrepresentation may disqualify the applicant from being able to apply for temporary or permanent resident status


Immigration and Refugee Protection Act


Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations


Internationally Trained Worker. Also referred to as Internationally Trained Professional (ITP) or Internationally Educated Professional (IEP).


Labour Market Opinion — approval of an offer of employment by HRSDC

Ministerial instructions

New rules governing federal skilled worker program; only 38 occupations identified as available to applicants for permanent residence who do not have an Arranged Employment Offer


North America Free Trade Agreement


National Occupation Classification — relevant to determining whether an occupation is skilled or semi Skilled


National Occupational Standard

Level of NOC

0 = Management occupations
A = Occupations requiring university education
B = Occupation requiring college education or apprenticeship training
C = Occupation requiring secondary school and/or occupation-specific training
D = On the job training is usually provided for these occupations

Occupations under pressure

Each province defines its own occupations under pressure and uses the list for various purposes (PNP, LMO issuance, etc.)


Prior Learning Assessment Recognition (PLAR) is the identification and measurement of skills and knowledge acquired outside of formal educational institutions. The PLAR process can establish competency equivalencies for skills and knowledge gained outside of Canada and determines eligibility to practice in a trade or profession.


Provincial Nominee Program


Permanent resident — landed immigrant


Service Canada


Test d’évaluation du Français — approved test by CIC


Temporary Foreign Worker


TOWES stands for Test of Workplace Essential Skills. It is Canada’s Essential Credential, a nationally accepted test that measures essential skills in the workplace.


Temporary resident permit — issued to overcome inadmissibility


Temporary resident visa — visitor visa

Washington Accord

An agreement between the bodies responsible for accrediting professional engineering degree programs in the signatory countries. It recognizes the substantial equivalency of programs accredited by those bodies, and recommends that graduates of accredited programs in any of the signatory countries be recognized by the other countries as having met the academic requirements for entry to the practice of engineering. Signatory countries include Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, United Kingdom, United States, Hong Kong, South Africa, Japan and Singapore. Generally, the signatories only accept accredited degrees earned from the date of acceptance of a signatory into the Accord.